What is child abuse?
The World Health Organization defines “any act committed intentionally or unintentionally by an adult, society or country which has a negative effect on a child’s health and physical development” as child abuse.
As protecting children from violence leads to purifying societies from violence, all work done in this field is extremely important.
In Romania, according to the data collected from the General Directorates of Social Assistance and Child Protection, between January 2017 and February 2019, there were 13400 confirmed cases of neglect, 1558 confirmed cases of physical abuse, 2038 confirmed cases of emotional abuse, 1078 confirmed cases of sexual abuse and 398 confirmed cases of child exploitation. Out of the 41 counties, Hunedoara County has 883 confirmed cases of abuses directed to children. It is important to mention that the number of abuses registered at DGASPC represents only the number of reported abuses and not the number of abuses committed.
According to Abuse and Domestic Violence Research in Turkey (2010), of children between 7-18 years old, 56% is a witness to the physical abuse, 49% is a witness to the emotional abuse, and 10% is a witness to the sexual abuse is stated.
World Health Organization, in "European report on preventing child maltreatment" published in 2013, presents some key facts about maltreatment in children in the WHO European Region:
*At least 850 children aged under 15 year die from child maltreatment annually;
*Maltreatment is common but not known to agencies:
• sexual abuse affects 18 million children under 18 years
• physical abuse affects 44 million children under 18 years
• mental abuse affects 55 million children under 18 years.
*Maltreatment may exist alongside other adverse childhood experiences.
*It causes poor mental and physical health and social outcome.
*It results in poorer educational and employment prospects.
Break the silence !
The Declaration of the Rights of the Child explicitly states that children should grow up in positive environments, where all negativity, such as violence, and all risks are absent. In the
foreword of the "Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Abuse" signed at the EU on 25/10/2007 in Lanzarote: It has been clearly
stated that the purpose of the Council of Europe is to develop closer ties among its members, that every child is entitled to protection by family, society and the state, that the goodness
and benefit of children are the fundamental values shared by all the Member States and they should be developed without any distinction. In addition to them, there is an adverse
increase in neglect and abuse every year. For this reason, this topic should now be expressed clearly within the school community.